Pakistani Governor General Mohammad Ali Jinnah sent his private secretary Khurshid Hasan Khurshid to Srinagar to assure the Maharajah of signing an instrument of accession to Pakistan. ”His Majesty has been told that he is a sovereign who alone has the power to give membership; He does not need to consult; that he should not take care of Sheikh Abdullah or the National Conference… Jinnah`s letter, delivered by Khurshid to the Maharajah, said. The full text of the accession instrument (Jammu and Kashmir), adopted by Maharaja Hari Singh on 26 October 27, 1947 (with the exception of the calendar mentioned in his third point) and accepted by Lord Mountbatten of Burma, Governor General of India, October 27, 1947 is as follows: [10] But after 1931, there was a great change in the anti-establishment atmosphere, led by a small group of left-wing Muslim intellectuals under the name of the reading room that was the forerunner of the Muslim Conference of Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah, which in turn became the National Conference, after Alastair Lamb`s Birth of a Tragedy in 1947. According to historian Rajmohan Gandhi: ”Vallabhbhai (Patel) lukewarm over Kashmir had lasted until September 13, 1947. In a letter to Baldev Singh, India`s prime minister of defence, Patel had hinted in the morning that ”if (the Kashmir) decided to join the other Dominion,” he would accept the fact. The Maharajah of Kashmir, Hari Singh, was the Hindu leader of a Muslim-majority state, wedged between the two countries, and could not make up his mind. He signed an interim ”status quo agreement” for the maintenance of traffic and other services with Pakistan. The Indian Independence Act of 1947 laid the legal basis for the British withdrawal from the subcontinent and guaranteed partition. On June 3, 1947, a status quo agreement was drawn up by the British-Indian government to ensure that ”all administrative arrangements between the British Crown and the Spring State be maintained without amendment between the signatory states (India and Pakistan) and the State until new agreements are reached.” In 1846, the princely state of J-K had been placed under British rule by the Treaty of Amritsar, Signed between the East India Company and Maharaja Gulab Singh, founder of the Royal Dogra Dynasty, who paid 7.5 million rupees of Nanakshahi and bought the Kashmir Valley and Ladakh Wizarat (composed of Baltistan, Kargile and Leh) and which was already under his reign. Gilgit Wizarat (including the territories of Gilgit and Pamiri) was later conquered in the war by the Dogras war against the Sikhs.

Crisis period (August 15, 1947 to December 31, 1948): British India officially gained independence from Britain on August 15, 1947, but Maharaja Hari Singh of Jammu and Kashmir delayed the decision on whether to join India or Pakistan. Plus Chand Mahajan of the Indian National Congress (INC) served as Prime Minister in Jammu and Kashmir from October 15, 1947 to March 5, 1948. After the invasion of Jammu and Kashmir by Pashtuns (Muslims) from neighbouring Waziristan, Pakistan, from 20 October 1947, Maharaja Hari requested military support from the Indian government.