Robiou du Pont, Y., Jeffery, L., Gotschow, J., Rogelj, J., Christoff, P., and Meinshaussen, M. (2017). An appropriate weakening to achieve the objectives of the Paris Agreement. Nat. Clim. Change,7, 38-43. doi: 10.1038/nclimate3186 Vietnam is extremely vulnerable to climate change due to its long coastline and numerous estuaries. That is why the country is developing a policy that is committed to taking action to combat climate change. Mitigation objectives and adaptation priorities are formulated in national contributions (NDCs). Vietnam also quickly ratified the Paris Agreement and was one of the first countries to develop an action plan for the concrete implementation of the agreement.

This plan sets out specific measures, responsibilities and assistance requirements. However, the country still lacks concrete implementation experience. Vietnam`s Ministry of Mineral Resources and Environment (MONRE) is responsible for inter-ministerial cooperation in the implementation of national climate change targets. Governance and legal issues need to be clarified, not least because vietnam`s internationally communicated climate targets have not yet been incorporated into national or sectoral legislation. Planning for the implementation of the NDC in cities and provinces must also be extended and reflected in national budgets. To facilitate the integration of national engagement into Vietnam`s planning and planning systems, the Ministry of Planning and Investment has formulated the Province`s Green Growth Action Plan (PGGAP) as a point of contact for VGGS and SDGs. The PGGAP is a short-term instrument for setting reduction targets and prioritizing green growth and mitigation, in line with three strategic tasks defined in the VGGS. These priority mitigation projects are intended for investment and are considered priority projects in the SEDP. We consider this to be the most effective and orderly way to structure planning to meet Vietnam`s climate commitments.

However, even this approach will increase the workload of local communities, so that the PGGAP will provide technical assistance to ”pioneer provinces” to help them seize opportunities. This assistance can be financed through budget allocations, support from international organizations, access to more environmentally friendly investments, green bonds and other mechanisms. Eory, V., Pellerin, S., Garcia, G., Lehtonen, H., I., Mattila, H., Lund-Sérensen, T., et al. (2018). Marginal cost-cutting curves for agricultural climate policy: state of the art, knowledge learned and prospects for the future.