The European Union is deeply concerned by the continuing tensions between Georgia and Russia and the recent incidents in South Ossetia, which do not contribute to stability and free movement. The European Union is particularly concerned about the recent closure of the only recognised crossing point between Georgia and the Russian Federation. The European Union stresses the importance of ensuring the free movement of goods and people, in particular by keeping the zemo Larsi crossing point open. [4] In order to improve their relations, the EU and Georgia have begun negotiations for an Association Agreement (AA) and a comprehensive and comprehensive free trade agreement. [10] In November 2012, Stefan Fule, Commissioner for Enlargement and European Neighbourhood Policy, said that the AA negotiations could be concluded by November 2013. [11] In February 2013, Tamar Beruchachvili, Georgia`s Deputy Minister of State for European and Euro-Atlantic Integration, said that Georgia had no intention of joining the Customs Union of Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia. [13] At the Eastern Partnership Summit on 29 November 2013, a ceremony was held to parapher the AA by Georgian Foreign Minister Maia Panjikidze and EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Catherine Ashton. [14] [15] It was signed on 27 June 2014[16] and had to be ratified by the EU, Euratom, its Member States and Georgia. A second agreement regulating the country`s participation in EU crisis management operations has also been signed.

[17] The European Implementation Assessment (EIA) assesses the implementation of the EU-AA Association Agreement, including the Comprehensive and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (FTC) with Georgia. This assessment is an update of an evaluation published in July 2018 and thus evaluates the implementation of the EU-AA agreement from mid-2018 to the present. The EIS shows progress and pitfalls in implementing reforms in Georgia and stresses the importance of the upcoming legislative elections in the democratization of this Eastern Partnership country. The Association Agreement, much of which entered into force provisionally in September, has been fully ratified by Georgia and all EU Member States. [18] On 18 December 2014, the European Parliament approved the Association Agreement. MEPs supported the treaty by 490 votes in support, 76 against and 57 abstentions. [19] The agreement came into force on July 1, 2016. [18] The EU-funded AA mechanism supports the adoption of bilateral agreements between the European Union and Georgia.

It helps the Georgian government to deepen Georgia`s integration into the EU, in line with the priorities of the Association Agreement (AA), including its ”Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area” (ACFTA) component, in the Association Programme and in the Visa Liberalisation Action Plan (VLAP). The analysis of progress in implementing the EU-Georgia Association Agreement was written by Michael Emerson and Dr Tinatin Akhvlediani of CEPS and is available on the European Parliament website. The EIS consists of two parts, one of an in-house opening analysis by DG EPRS and an external briefing document developed by CEPS.